Identify the type of braking system on your car. ABS brakes require that you press firmly on the brake pedal and not let off in slippery conditions (rain or snow). They prevent your wheels from locking in emergency situations. Standard brakes, on the other hand, require you to pump the pedal to prevent tire lockup. Regardless of the braking system on your car, you never want to lock the wheels when braking because this will cause you to lose the ability to steer the car.
Keep a safe following distance. Experts recommend keeping a safe following distance of 8 to 10 seconds. A car traveling at 60mph covers 88 feet per second, so it can take a car traveling on wet or snow-covered roads 6 to 10 seconds and more than 500 feet to stop.
Avoid using cruise control on snow, ice, or water. While cruise control improves gas mileage and prevents leg fatigue, it’s dangerous to use in slippery conditions. The purpose of cruise control is to keep your tires moving at a consistent speed which you can’t do when driving in tricky conditions. It can cause you to lose control.
Avoid sudden maneuvers and do one act at a time. When you’re driving on snow and ice, “ask” your vehicle to do one thing at a time: brake in a straight line, turn with as little pedal input as possible, and accelerate in a straight line. Drive as though you have a cup of water on the dashboard and you’re trying not to spill it. A sudden maneuver can throw you into an uncontrollable skid because your tires lose traction.
Accelerate and decelerate slowly. This is the best method to maintain adequate traction and avoid skids.
Steer where you want the car to go. When you’re driving, it goes without saying that your eyes are your most important asset. Your eyes tell your hands and feet what to do and can help you maneuver the car to avoid a collision.
When in doubt, both feet out. When things go wrong (a skid or slide), keep your feet off the pedals. Focus on steering the car.
Avoid outdriving your headlights. You need to see at least four seconds in front of your vehicle, so look for a non-reflective landmark and start counting. If you reach the landmark before you reach four seconds, slow down. Your headlights illuminate a distance of about 400 feet; make sure you can stop in that space.
If you don’t need to go out, stay home.